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Oboe my love for young oboist©2001-2004 WebSeason.net

I am a Woodwind maker.

Now, I build baroque flute traverse, oboe or hautboy and early classical flute traverse and oboe or hautboy.
The site YANAGITA tokinori - woodwind maker is opened.

Explanation of tools for oboe reed making

Oboe reed making is very difficult

The reed for oboe has some styles.
for example, French-style, American-style, Germany-style Viennese-style, etc..
These style change are influenced by design of bore very well.

Generally, large inside diameter(Rigoutat oboe) is suited to reed with wide tip and long total length.
Short inside diameter(Loree oboe) is suited to reed with narrow tip and shot total length.
Most of oboe have short inside diameter. So, trill key of top joint is curved.
Rigoutat oboe only has straight trill key.

I make French style reed. The following is explanation about my reed making.

Cutting tools

The knife made with steel and soft iron made in Japan is the best

For the first time, I intoroduce some tools for reed-making.

cutting tools nife oboe my love
Nives
is used for scrape reed. these for Right-handed is different from Left -handed. Made in Japan is good.

I use 2 nives (counting from the right) for cooking the eel. This type is cheaper than for oboe in Japan. For rough scraping, I have one(3rd counting from the right).
To sharpen knife, the Time and the stamina are necessary for a knife made with Swedish steel. But you can sharpe the knife made with steel and soft iron with less time, less stamina and more thecnique.

Mandrel

You should buy tube and mandrel from same maker

Mandrel oboe my love for young oboist
Mandrel
is Form of tube. Each maker has different form. you should buy tube and mandrel from same maker.
If you don't know tube-maker suitable for your instrument, you should ask to oboe-maker.

Plark

Flat plark is not suitable to short scrape oboe reed

plark tongue oboe my love for young oboist
Tongue
When you scrape, this is put into blades of reed. 2 types are selled.
Left one is suitable for scraping sides. The other is suitable center.
Generally, these are made by ebony, metal or plastic.
I think that flat plark is not suitable to short scrape oboe reed.

Reed cutter, wire and pliers

You can buy these in a shop for Sunday carpentry of a neighborhood

Cutting pliers
be used, when you wind wire to reed.
Thread
be used, when you bind cane to tube. Silk is best. nylon, polyestel is better.
Momentaly paste
be used, when you paste the skin on reed.
Reed cutter
be used , when you cut the tip of reed.
Wire
made by brass, and the diameter is 0.3mm.
reed cutter wire oboe my love for young oboist

Water proof and paper etc

Skin is expensive. Seal tape is useful fully.

water proof and paper oboe my love for young oboist
waterproof sand paper no.1000
be used, when you shave chap of tip and polish inside of cane.
Seal-tape
generally, be used the water supply work. in point of oboe, be used the air supply work !
Skin
the same as the above.

Scraper for oboe reed making

Buy the scraper for oboe cane

scraper oboe my love for young oboist
Scraper
be used, when you scrape inside of cane. with this, you adjust thikness of cane. (left-hand)

Whet stone

I recommend the big water whetstone to sharpen the blade of knife in the uniform angle

whet stones oboe my love for young oboist
finishing whetstone
sharpen nives on this last step.
middle whetstone
at first sharpen nives.

If you sharpen nives very well, you can't make good reed. this is very important point. Nives for reed-making is single -edged. So, Some times you should put waterproof sandpaper(no.100) on very flat thing and sharpen whetstone.

Dial indicator

Dial indicator is absolutely necessary

dial indicator oboe my love for young oboist
Dial indicator
This has a scale marked in 1/100mm. You can measure the thickness of cane or reed. with this gage, you can scrape a reed to perfect syammetry

Ruler

I use a ruler passing the industry product standard

rouler oboe my love for young oboist
Ruler
total lenght of reed is 0.5mm longer than the others, it influenced intonation.

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